Buddhism Hinduism No "value judgement" is implied by this list. There are adjectives with both positive and negative connotations which describe both ends of this spectrum. From an academic, comparative religions viewpoint, there is no basis for "prescribing" whether it is better for a religion to be highly unified, cohesive, monolithic, and lacking in internal religious diversity, or whether it is better to be fragmented, schismatic, diverse, multifaceted and abounding in variations on the same theme. In a practical sense, most people actually practice only one form of whatever religion they belong to.
Egypt flourished and the Fatimids developed an extensive trade network in both the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Their trade and diplomatic ties extended all the way to China and its Song Dynastywhich eventually determined the economic course of Egypt during the High Middle Ages.
Many traces of Fatimid architecture exist in Cairo today, the most defining examples include the Al Azhar University and the Al Hakim mosque.
The Fatimid palace in Cairo had two parts. The literate theologians of Al-Azhar University generally rejected the version of Islam practiced by illiterate religious preachers and peasants in the countryside.
Most upper- and upper-middle-class Muslims believed either that religious expression was a private matter for each individual or that Islam should play a more dominant role in public life.
Islamic religious revival Religion islam essay, whose appeal cut across class lines, were present in most cities and in many villages.
He also made the appointment of the grand sheikh the prerogative of the Egyptian president, just as the appointment of any other state official. To maintain their influence in the country, the ulama espoused more conservative stances. Afterfor example, many al-Azhar ulama, who had acquiesced to family planning initiatives in the s, openly criticized government efforts at population control.
They remained, nonetheless, comparatively moderate; they were largely loyal to the government and condemned the violence of radical Islamist groups. Outside of the state-mosques are more than 40, independent mosques throughout Egypt.
Some devout Muslims believe that there can be no dichotomy between the sacred and the secular. Even village religious leaders usually have only a rudimentary knowledge of Islam.
Popular religion include a variety of unorthodox practices, such as veneration of saints, recourse to charms and amulets, and belief in the influence of evil spirits. Predestination plays an important role in popular Islam.
Women specially trained by their mothers or other women in zar lore organize the ceremonies. A zar organizer holds weekly meetings and employs music and dance to induce ecstatic trances in possessed women.
Wealthy women sometimes pay to have private zars conducted in their homes; these zars are more elaborate than public ones, last for several days, and sometimes involve efforts to exorcise spirits. However, while once common, the zar is rarely practiced today, under fire for its perception as a religious heresy.
It has been called the "default setting" of Muslim religious life in Egypt    although many Sufis are thought to have voted for the Muslim Brotherhood Freedom and Justice Party. These sheikhs gradually gathered about themselves muridsor disciples, whom they initiated into the tarika.
Gradually the murids formed orders, also known as turuq, which were loyal to the Sheikh or his successors also called sheikhs. In Egypt there are 74 Sufi orders tarikaseach headed by its own sheikh.
Overseeing them is the Supreme Council for Sufi Orders and the president of Egypt is directly in charge of Sufi affairs. Since the early s, there has been a revival of interest in Sufism. In Egypt the term Moulid is not reserved for Muslim festivals and may be in honor of Christian, and until recently Jewish holy men.
Sufi Muslim moulids not only venerate the prophet Muhammad and his descendants such as Husseinthe second son of the fourth Caliph Ali whose moulid in Cairo can draws crowds of more than a million peoplebut founders of Sufi orders, down to dozens of lesser-known sheikhs celebrated mostly in remote rural communities.
The largest moulid in Egypt takes place in Tantathe largest city in the Nile Deltaand draws an even larger number of pilgrims than hajj in Mecca. As many as three million Egyptians and other Arabs gather there every October to celebrate the life of Sayid Ahmad al-Badawia thirteenth-century Sufi leader.
Adherence to a Sufi order has long been standard for both professors and students in the al-Azhar mosque and university system. Although al-Azhar is not monolithic, its identity has been strongly associated with Sufism.
The current Shaykh al-Azhar rector of the schoolAhmed el-Tayebis a hereditary Sufi shaykh from Upper Egypt who has recently expressed his support for the formation of a world Sufi league; the current Grand Mufti of Egypt and senior al-Azhar scholar Ali Gomaa is also a highly respected Sufi master.
Sufi Islam is a sore point with Salafi Muslims. Salafi and other Islamists believe Sufi tombs are unIslamic  and have sometimes sabotaged or vandalized tombs and moulids. Estimates of their number range from to "at most" three million.
In June a mob of several hundred, including Muslim brotherhood members, attacked a house in the village of Abu Musallim near Cairo, dragging four Shia worshipers through the street before lynching them. Ahmadiyya in Egypt The Ahmadiyya movement in Egypt, which numbers up to 50, adherents in the country,  was established in  but has seen an increase in hostility and government repression as of the 21st century.Islam is the last revealed religion.
’Islam’ is an Arabic word meaning ‘peace’ and ‘submission’. In its religious sense, it connotes submission to the will of God; in its secular sense, it signifies the establishment of peace. Islam: Contemporary figures for Islam are usually between 1 billion and billion, with 1 billion being a figure frequently given in many comparative religion texts, probably because it's such a nice, round timberdesignmag.com figure appears to be dated, however.
Relatively high birth rates in Muslim countries continue to make Islam a fast-growing religion. | The Religion Islam | The Religion Islam What is Islam? The word Islam means submission to the will of God.
The religion of Islam is the acceptance of and obedience to the teachings of God which the Muslims—followers of Islam—believe God revealed to his last prophet. Sep 11, · Guide to Islam, including history, beliefs, holy days around the world and message boards. On the most basic level, the religion of most traditional Jews is actually not at all monotheistic, but instead contains a wide variety of different male and female gods, having quite complex relations to each other, with these entities and their properties varying enormously among the numerous different Jewish sub-sects, depending upon .
The Islam Religion - In this day and age, the Islam religion expands over the majority of Northern Africa, and the Middle East. It has a strong influence in these areas, and a number of different Islam groups and denominations are in these areas.