He studied medicine but he was known better for his modernist poetry. His poetry represents the traditional in Puerto Rican literature.
Scarce archaeological findings and early Spanish accounts from the colonial era constitute all that is known about them. Some scholars suggest their settlement dates back about 4, years. The Arcaico and Igneri co-existed on the island between the 4th and 10th centuries. They called it Boriken, meaning "the great land of the valiant and noble Lord".
This lasted until Columbus arrived in He later served as the first governor of the island. At the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish people began to colonize the island.
The population suffered extremely high fatalities from epidemics of European infectious diseases. Other nearby islands, like Cuba, Saint-Domingue, and Guadeloupe, attracted more of the slave trade than Puerto Rico, probably because of greater agricultural interests in those islands, on which colonists had developed large sugar plantations and had the capital to invest in the Atlantic slave trade.
With no significant industries or large-scale agricultural production as yet, enslaved and free communities lodged around the few littoral settlements, particularly around San Juan, also forming lasting Afro-creole communities.
By the end of the 16th century, the Spanish Empire was diminishing and, in the face of increasing raids from European competitors, the colonial administration throughout the Americas fell into a "bunker mentality".
San Juan served as an important port-of-call for ships driven across the Atlantic by its powerful trade winds.
Historians consider this event the worst attack on San Juan. Though the Dutch set the village on fire, they failed to conquer the Morro, and its batteries pounded their troops and ships until Hendricksz deemed the cause lost.
Urban planning responded to the needs of keeping the colony in Spanish hands. Late colonial period Hacienda La Fortuna. A sugar mill complex in Puerto Rico painted by Francisco Oller in Brooklyn Museum During the late 16th and early 17th centuries, Spain concentrated its colonial efforts on the more prosperous mainland North, Central, and South American colonies.
With the advent of the lively Bourbon Dynasty in Spain in the s, the island of Puerto Rico began a gradual shift to more imperial attention. More roads began connecting previously isolated inland settlements to coastal cities, and coastal settlements like Arecibo, Mayaguez, and Ponce began acquiring importance of their own, separate from San Juan.
By the end of the 18th century, merchant ships from an array of nationalities threatened the tight regulations of the Mercantilist system, which turned each colony solely toward the European metropole and limited contact with other nations.
Slavers, which had made but few stops on the island before, began selling more enslaved Africans to growing sugar and coffee plantations. Fierce fighting continued for the next days with Spanish troops.
Both sides suffered heavy losses.
These parliamentary and constitutional reforms were in force from toand again from to They were twice reversed during the restoration of the traditional monarchy by Ferdinand VII. The movement was discovered, and Governor Miguel de la Torre had its members imprisoned or exiled.
To increase its hold on its last two New World colonies, the Spanish Crown revived the Royal Decree of Graces of as a result of whichimmigrants, mainly Spaniards, settled on the island in the period up until the American conquest. Printed in three languages—Spanish, English, and French—it was intended to also attract non-Spanish Europeans, with the hope that the independence movements would lose their popularity if new settlers had stronger ties to the Crown.
Hundreds of non Spanish families, mainly from CorsicaFranceGermanyIrelandItaly and Scotland, also immigrated to the island. Puerto Rico still receives Spanish and European immigration. The Lares Revolutionary Flag Poverty and political estrangement with Spain led to a small but significant uprising in known as Grito de Lares."Mural History of the Puerto Rican People" SUMMER Thanks to the combination of local grants and public funds, the city of Cleveland provided inner-city youth the opportunity to earn money during the summer hiatus.
Puerto Rican Music and Its Significance Essay Words | 8 Pages.
Puerto Rican Music and Its Significance Although the policies of Americanization and degradation of Puerto Rican culture heritage improved by the United States in Puerto Rico during the early decades of the twentieth century, the utmost concern for the United States was the strategic location of the island for political and.
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Puerto Rican Culture. Puerto Rican culture is somewhat complex - others will call it colorful. Culture is a series of visual manifestations and interactions with the environment that make a region and/or a group of people different from the rest of the world.
Essay about Puerto Rican Music and Its Significance - Puerto Rican Music and Its Significance Although the policies of Americanization and degradation of Puerto Rican culture heritage improved by the United States in Puerto Rico during the early decades of the twentieth century, the utmost concern for the United States was the strategic location of the island for political and economic.