See Article History North American Indian languages, those languages that are indigenous to the United States and Canada and that are spoken north of the Mexican border. A number of language groups within this area, however, extend into Mexicosome as far south as Central America. The present article focuses on the native languages of Canada, Greenland, and the United States.
Agreement with complement clauses in Adyghe In my paper, I will analyze a special feature of clausal complements in the Bzhedug dialect of Adyghe, a polysynthetic language of the West Caucasian family.
While in many languages, clausal complements cannot trigger verbal agreement, in While in Polysynthesis languages, clausal complements cannot trigger verbal agreement, in Adyghe, the matrix verb can bear plural agreement with a clausal complements, along with the default singular agreement.
If there is a coordinate structure including several clausal complements, the agreement slot they correspond to can contain a plural marker. However, this is not obligatorily the case. I will discuss the conditions of this unusual agreement pattern. I will show that the possibility of agreement depends on at least two syntactic parameters: Non-standard agreement is also subject to a significant inter-speaker variation.
Sometimes speakers who do not allow agreement with clausal complements admit instead long distance agreement. The most unexpected thing is that even if the complement clauses are marked with a typically non-argument suffix, they can control agreement.
This points to the fact that neither the canonical view of the pronominal argument hypothesis, nor classical approaches to agreement, represented in many works on European languages is plausible for Adyghe.
The data of this language must be accounted for in a perspective that regards verbal personal markers and verbal arguments as types of items, which are not isomorphic to each other and which both play role in the agreement marking.Polysynthetic definition, (of a language) characterized by a prevalence of relatively long words containing a large number of affixes to express syntactic relationships and meanings.
Many American Indian languages are polysynthetic. See more. In most cases, the defining aspect of filler is the lack of series timberdesignmag.com can be safely ignored without any loss of important information.
However, there is also a . Founded in , MIT Working Papers in Linguistics is an entirely student-managed organization, run by the graduate students in the MIT Doctoral Program in Linguistics. MITWPL is dedicated to promoting student linguistic research by publishing dissertations and papers and, with the proceeds, equitably funding travel, fieldwork and equipment purchases.
The automotive sector is a major consumer of material technologies - and nanotechnologies promise to improve the performance of existing technologies significantly.
Applications range from already existing - paint quality, fuel cells, batteries, wear-resistant tires, lighter but stronger materials, ultra-thin anti-glare layers for windows and mirrors - to the futuristic - energy-harvesting.
The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis Edited by Michael Fortescue, Marianne Mithun, and Nicholas Evans Oxford Handbooks. Contains extensive empirical data from a wide range of world languages, many of them understudied. In particular, Du Ponceau is credited with both discovering and naming the phenomenon of polysynthesis, whereby certain languages are capable of forming compound words of extraordinary length and complexity that can have the semantic value of an entire sentence.