Background Water is at the heart of agriculture. Without water, crops and livestock would not be able to survive. Water used in agricultural production can come from surface waters, such as rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds, or from groundwater, such as an aquifer.
Livestock producers, he says, are very market-oriented, and the country exports around three million small ruminants each year to Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East. There is also a growing need to balance the production of more animals with the sustainable management of the dry areas in which the animals are reared.
It is not enough to just produce more animals, they need to be better, and produced better. Mtimet explains that the most important livestock sector challenges he encountered in the project relate to livestock production in terms of access to feed and water and animal health — dealing with diseases, pests and parasites.
Livestock marketing is also hampered by insufficient market information for the producers. Large foreign private investments are happening which is improving the infrastructure and securing stable demand along the year.
While livestock are critical to the economy, and they support a large part of the population, processing of agricultural products is a small part of GDP. This, along with the emerging sustainability agenda, calls for stronger research and learning systems and institutions, more evidence-based decision making — and evidence on which to decide, and effective market organizations and linkages.
Batch of export quality Somali sheep and goats Following the collapse of the Somali state the private sector including individuals and organizations have grown impressively, particularly in trade, commerce, transport, remittances and infrastructure services. The primary sectors livestock, agriculture and fisheries have led the way.
However, capacities of the evolving institutions remain limited, particularly in regulatory services and in transforming export market opportunities into higher incomes and broader development results. It aims to strengthen local capacity to mobilize and use knowledge from Somali livestock research in decision making.
The project is targeting 3 main objectives: First, improving the indigenous knowledge about Somali livestock breeding and marketing practices; second, improving the technical and scientific skill of ISTVS staff through capacity building; and third, increasing the awareness of donors, development agencies, and other international organization about the importance of the livestock sector and attracting those partners to invest more in the sector Research and knowledge strengthening results are delivered through support to the ISTVS so it can better conduct and disseminate applied research.
The idea is for the ISTVS to become a valuable knowledge base and able to partner with regional and international research institutions. Market access results are delivered through activities that foster the establishment of public-private partnerships to formulate product standards as a way of improving international trade.
Result 1 on knowledge and capacity development is focused around the ISTVS, established into take on some important training, research and extension roles in the Somali ecosystem that stopped as a result of the collapse of the Somali Federal government in It is being attained through intensive capacity building, largely enabled by ILRI.
Activities will enable the ISTVS Reference Centre to conduct and disseminate applied research to local audiences of livestock value chain actors and the nascent civil society. This work is only implemented in Somaliland and has made progress in five main areas.
The aim was to familiarize them with conventional and participatory research approaches and tools and gain skills to document and write up science. Research on livestock importer requirements in importing countries has been carried out in Saudi Arabia to study both the tail end of the up-stream market Somaliland and the end-market.
This is intended to the help identify opportunities and constraints for the various actors along the market chain and ways to address these. Activities are underway to promote uptake of applied research results into academic teaching and the wider communities.
Students are encouraged to get out to the field — and markets — to gain in-depth knowledge on the functioning and importance of the value chain and the market information systems that support it.
Participants in the project have carried out a number of studies on issues around markets, animal production and pastoralist challenges and opportunities. These are being written up for wider dissemination locally and beyond. Finally, the functional infrastructure of ISTVS has been upgraded with improvements to labs, offices, power supply and an extension of the kitchen and refectory.
A new focus in recent months focuses on communications and knowledge sharing — examining opportunities to better generate and document knowledge in the ISTVS, making it widely accessible to different stakeholders.
Result 2 on markets and regulation is being implemented with chambers of commerce in Somaliland and Puntland. They have brought in the Kenya Bureau of Standards KEBS to help establish public-private partnerships to develop and implement appropriate standards and instruments for the sector.
This work has made progress in five main areas: Livestock export quarantine center at Berbera port, Somaliland Work to identify gaps in export standards, needs and policies has been finalized and reports detailing the current status and strategy to improve the quality infrastructure have been developed for Puntland and Somaliland.
Assistance was provided to the chambers to develop a set of Guidelines for Grading of Export Quality Livestock. These contain specifications for different grades for export quality livestock covering cattle, sheep, goats and camels.Water Law: An Overview.
Background. Water is at the heart of agriculture. Without water, crops and livestock would not be able to survive. Water used in agricultural production can come from surface waters, such as rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds, or from groundwater, such as an aquifer.
Each state has its own regulatory system to. The Economics of Pastoral Livestock Production in Sudan Roy Behnke Odessa Centre this period live sheep have been Sudan’s most important livestock export commodity, followed in importance by hides and skins, camels and goats.
The great bulk of live sheep and goats that are officially In summary, it is likely that pastoralists are. State Coordinator Program Overview; State Coordinator Contact Information; State Program Webpages; Funded Grants in Your State; Events.
Press Releases. the changing regional weather patterns throughout the U.S. and the risks that these changes present to crop and livestock production. The page publication also outlines how to.
Somaliland (Somali: Somaliland; Arabic: صوماليلاند Ṣūmālīlānd, أرض الصومال Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Republic of Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Arabic: جمهورية صوماليلاند Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd), is a self-declared state, internationally considered to be an autonomous region of Somalia.
Former leader of the Somali Youth League Aden Abdullah Osman Daar who eventually became the first President of the Somali Republic following the union of State of Somaliland . 1. Introduction General background and introduction to the Livestock industry in Somaliland.
The most important sector in Somaliland is livestock production which is predominately pastoral and agro-pastoral in Somaliland employing over 70% of the population.